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Hindu philosophers and scientists from ancient India E-mail
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Indian scientists and philosophers have vital contributions to contemporary science. But alongside their names forgotten or replaced by European scientists. India has many major philosophers. They are unique, and immortal genius. We propose ten outstanding scientists to you.
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Acharya Ayabhatt
Aryabhatt, astronomer and mathematician
Aryabhatt was born in the year 476 AD in Kusumpur (Bihar). His exceptional talent shifted the boundaries of mathematics and astronomy. In the year 499 he wrote at the age of 23 the Aryabhatiyam, a scientific description of astronomy.
He formulated the process for calculating the motion of planets and the time of eclipses. Aryabhatt was the first man on earth, which proclaimed that the earth was round, it turned to its own axis, in orbit around the sun and floating in space. This he said a thousand years before Copernicus proclaimed his heliocentric theory. Aryabhatt is also known for the calculation of Pi to four decimal places (3.1416) and the sine table in trigonometry. Centuries later, in 825 AD wrote the Arab mathematician Mohammed Musa Ibna the value of Pi to the Indians: "... this value is given by the Hindus ...'. The main contribution of Aryabhatt the contribution of the number zero, which modern computer technology. He is a giant in the field of mathematics.

Acharya Bhaskarachary
Bhaskar Acharya II genius in the algebra
In 1114 after Christ was born in Bhaskar Acharya II Vijjadit (Jalgaon) in Maharashtra. His work in the field of algebra, arithmetic and geometry gave him fame and immortality. His most famous work called Lilavati and Bijaganita and
be regarded as unprecedented and memorable statement of his profound intelligence. The translation of his work in various world testify to the exceptional nature of his work. In Siddhant Shiromani, he writes about the position of the planets, eclipses, cosmography, mathematical techniques and astronomical equipment. The Surya Siddhant treats the gravity "Objects fall on earth due to the attraction of the earth. This attraction, the Earth, the planets, the constellations, the moon and the sun in space, their own place. " Bhaskar Acharya was the first person who discovered gravity, five to one hundred years before Isaac Newton did. He was the ace among the mathematicians of the Ancient and Medieval India. His work intrigued the Persian and European scholars, that fame and popularity by research into the work of Bhaskar Acharya.

Acharya Kanad
Kanade Acharya, founder of the atomic theory
It is assumed that Acharya Kanade 600 years before Christ was born in Prabhas Kshetra in Dwarika (Gujrat). He is the founder of the Vaisheshik Darshan, one of the six basic philosophies of India. He was a pioneer by his statements on realism, law of cause and effect and the atomic theory.
He has classified all objects of creation into nine categories, namely earth, wind, light, water, ether, time, space, mind and soul. Each creation is made of atoms linked together, which molecules are formed. His statement led for the first time the atomic theory in about 2500 years before John Dalton. Kanade has the dimension and motion of atoms and their chemical reactions described. The eminent historian, TN Colebrook, said: In comparison to the European scientists were Kanade Indian scientists and other international experts in this field.

Acharya Nagarjuna
Nagarjuna, magician of the chemical science
This special 'wizard' of science was born in a small village in Baluka in Madhya Pradesh, 100 years before Christ. He was twelve years of research, which resulted in discoveries and inventions in the field of chemistry and metallurgy.
His famous masterpieces such as the Ras Ratnakar, Rushrudaya and Rasendramangal are an important contribution to chemistry. Nagarjuna had discovered alchemy, which base metals into gold could be changed. The medieval English alchemist failed them. As a writer of medical books as Arogyamanjari and Yogasar, draagde it also significantly contributes to the medicine. Because of its sharp learning and versatile knowledge, he was appointed as titular head of the University of Nalanda. His discoveries impress and amaze scientists today.

Acharya Charak
Acharya Charak, the founder of medicine
Acharya Charak lived about 600 years BC and is considered the father of pharmacy. His most famous work, the Charak Samhita, the encyclopedia of Ayurveda. Its basic principles, diagnosis and medicines still retain their strength and accuracy after several millennia.
When the anatomical science was confused with different theories in Europe, Acharya Charak revealed the facts about other human anatomy, embryology, pharmacology, blood circulation and diseases like diabetes, tuberculosis and heart diseases. The Charak Samhita describes the medicinal qualities and functions of 100,000 herbal plants. He stressed the impact of a healthy diet and regular movement on the mind and body. He was the correlation between spirituality and physical health and had proven it to the diagnostic and curative sciences. He also had an ethical charter for medical practitioners compiled two centuries before the Hippocratic oath was written. His contributions have been a milestone for the Ayurveda, thanks to his genius and intuition. He is forever etched in history as one of the greatest and noblest scientists.

Acharya Sushrut
Sushrut Acharya, founder of plastic surgery
Sushrut is the son of the scholar Vishwamitra and lived about 600 years before Christ. He described as the first scientist detailed surgical procedures in the Sushrut Samhita, a unique encyclopedia of surgery.
He is venerated as the father of plastic surgery and the science of anesthesia. When surgery was in its infancy in Europe, did Sushrut to rhinoplasty, repairing a broken nose and other challenging operations. In the Sushrut Samhita he described the treatment of twelve types of fractures and six types of disruptions. His details on human embryology are amazing. Sushrut used 125 types of surgical instruments like a scalpel, lancet, needles and catheters, most of which were designed from the jaws of animals and birds. He also described attachment methods, such as the use of the hair of horses and fibers of bark as sutures. He also describes 300 types of operations. The Indians were the pioneers in amputation, Emperor eden skull and operations. Sushrut Acharya is a luminary in the field of medicine.

Acharya Varamihir
Varamihir, eminent astrologer and astronomer
Varamihir lived from the year 499 to 587 AD and is a famous astrologer and astronomer. He received a royal honor of King Vikram Aditya in Avanti (Ujjain) and received the status of one of the nine edelstenen'van court.
Varamihir's book Panchsiddhant has a prominent place in the history of astronomy. He describes that the brilliance of the moon and the planets are not coming by their own light, but by the light of the Sunday In the Brahud Samhita and Brahud laurtje reveals his discoveries in the field of geography, constellation, botany and animal science. In his description of the botanical knowledge, presents Varamihir the cure for various kinds of diseases with the use of plants and trees. He continues through his unique contributions in the field of astrology and astronomy.
Acharya Patanjali
Acharya Patanjali, the founder of yoga
Acharya Patanjali, the founder of yoga, is derived from the district Gonda (Ganara) in Uttar Pradesh and lived about 200 years before Christ. The science of yoga is one of the most unique contributions of India to the rest of the wereld.Yoga describes how one can achieve the highest reality.
Acharya Patanjali describes the control of breathing to control over the body, mind and soul. This ensures good health and inner happiness. Acharya Patanjali's 85 effective yoga postures promote the efficiency of the respiratory, circulatory, nervous, digestive and metabolic and many other organs in the body. Yoga has eight branches, where Acharya Patanjali obtaining the ultimate happiness describes, namely
yam, niyam, asan, pranayam, pratyahar, dhyan, dharna and samadhi. The science of yoga has a lot of popularity by the scientific approach and benefits. Yoga also has a place of honor as one of the six basic philosophies of India. Acharya Patanjali will forever be known as a respected and leading scientist in the field of self-discipline, happiness and self-realization.

Acharya Bharadwaj
Acharya Bharadwaj, pioneer of aviation technology
Acharya Bharadwaj lived 800 years BC and lived in the holy city of Prayag. He was a scholar in the field of Ayurveda and mechanical sciences. He wrote the yantra Sarvasa, what astonishing and outstanding discoveries about aviation technology, aerospace technology and aircraft. He described three types of aircraft: An aircraft from one place on earth to another place on earth can fly an airplane from one planet to another planet and can fly an airplane from one universe to another universe can fly. His designs and descriptions are still impressive for aviation engineers of today. His talent in aviation technology can further note that the following techniques:
1. Profound Secret: The technique for a flying machine invisible, by the application of solar and wind power.
2. Living Secret: The technique for vessels invisible visible, by the application of electrical forces.
3. Secret of eavesdropping: a technique for getting a call in another vessel to listen.
4. Visual Secrets: The technique to see what is happening in another plane.
Through his innovative and brilliant discoveries, Acharya Bharadwaj is seen as a pioneer in the field of aerospace technology.

Acharya Kapil
Kapil Acharya, founder of the cosmology
Approximately 3,000 years before Christ was born the illustrious scholar Kapil, the founder of Sankhya philosophy. He gave the world the Sankhya School of Thought. His work threw light on the nature and principles of the ultimate soul (Purusha), oermaterie (Prakruti) and creation.
His concept of transformation of energy and well-known commentaries on atma, non-atma and the subtle elements of the cosmos, placing him in an elite class of renowned scientists. His findings are not comparable with the findings of other Cosmologists. His assertion that Prakruti, with the inspiration of Purusha, the mother of cosmic creation and all energies, he gave the science of the cosmos a new dimension. Because of its para Gnostic observations and revelations on the secrets of creation, he is seen as the founder of cosmology.

This article appeared in the Vidyarthi spring 2006. The Hindu Students Forum vereningdsblad of the Netherlands.

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